Chloasma Alexander Gorin

The skin is our first defence against external factors and its condition is important for our overall appearance and self-esteem. However, sun spots such as chloasma can appear and destroy its natural beauty. In this article, we'll look at what chloasma is in cosmetology, what factors contribute to its appearance, and how you can prevent and treat this problem.

What is chloasma?

Chloasma is a skin pigmentation disorder characterized by the appearance of dark or light spots on the skin, most commonly on the face. It is also known as "oil spots" or "pregnancy spots" because one of the common risk factors is pregnancy. Chloasma is not usually a health risk, but it can significantly affect appearance and self-esteem.

Causes of chloasma

Chloasma is most often related to overexposure of the skin to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, especially in people who are hypersensitive to UV radiation. Other factors that contribute to chloasma include:

  1. Hormonal changes: Pregnancy, contraceptive use, hormonal changes during menopause.
  2. Genetics: Hereditary predisposition may play a role.
  3. Risk factors: Exposure to the sun without protection, use of tanning beds, uncontrolled use of cosmetics.

Prevention of chloasma

  • Protection from the sun: Regular use of sunscreen with SPF and wearing hats can help prevent chloasma.
  • Restrictions on solariums: Avoid frequent visits to tanning beds and excessive UV exposure.
  • Hormonal treatment: If you are planning a pregnancy or changing contraceptive methods, talk to your doctor about possible risks and precautions.

Treatment of chloasma

  • Cosmetic treatments: Professional treatments such as chemical peels, laser removal and microdermabrasion can help reduce the appearance of chloasma.
  • Cosmetic treatments: Special creams and serums with active ingredients such as hydroquinone, retinol and vitamin C can help reduce pigmentation.


Chloasma can be an unpleasant cosmetic disease, but with proper prevention and care, as well as professional treatment, its appearance can be reduced. It is important to remember the importance of sun protection and follow the advice of skin care experts to maintain healthy and beautiful skin.